Black Hole Feedback


The evolution of a galaxy is related to the growth of the supermassive black hole at its center. During the galaxy’s quasar phase, a huge luminosity is released as matter falls onto the black hole, and radiation-driven winds can transfer most of this energy back to the host galaxy. This animation illustrates how black-hole feedback works during that phase. Dense gas and dust in the center simultaneously powers the black hole and hides it from view. The black hole’s radiation wind drives huge outflows of cold gas causing a shock wave that clears gas and dust from the central galaxy.

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOm_RI_JcyE]

Video Credit: NASA

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